History of Boca Juniors
Club Atlético Boca Juniors was founded on April 3, 1905, by five Italian immigrants that lived in La Boca, Buenos Aires. Without even imagining it, these five young people wrote the first paragraphs of the history of the most popular club in Argentina.
Boca Juniors played in the local league and the amateur second division until being promoted to the first division in 1913. They won six amateur championships (1919, 1920, 1923, 1924, 1926, and 1930). After the introduction of professionalism in Argentina, Boca won the first title in 1931.
Its historical rival is Club Atlético River Plate, against which it plays the so called Superclásico, a classic match that the English newspaper The Observer put at the top of their list of the 50 sporting events you must do before you die, especially when it is held at the Bombonera (as the Boca Juniors Stadium is called).
Boca Juniors won 18 international titles, including 6 Copas Libertadores, 4 Recopas Sudamericanas, 3 Intercontinental Cups, 2 Copas Sudamericanas, 1 Copa Oro, 1 Supercopa Sudamericana and 1 Supercopa Masters. They also won 23 local titles.
Boca fans and the club have several nicknames:
1. The Xeneixes: This nickname is derived from the great Genoese colony that lived in La Boca when the club was founded. Xeneixe means Genoese.
2. La 12: It refers to the twelfth player. The nickname was born during the European tour in 1925, in which the team was accompanied by Victoriano Caffarena, a Boca Juniors fan. During the tour, Caffarena did everything to help the team. Thus, players started calling him the twelfth player. Some years later, journalist Pablo Rojas Paz affirmed that Boca fans are the twelfth player due to their loyalty and devotion. Nowadays, the nickname La 12 is used to refer to Boca barra brava (a group of hooligans).
3. La mitad más uno (Half plus One): As Boca is very popular in Argentina, fans defined themselves as la mitad más uno (even though, according to surveys, Boca fans do not exceed the half of Argentinas entire population).
Club Atlético Boca Juniors is a permanent fixture in the IFFHS Club World Ranking, occupying the top position of the monthly ranking 6 times.